Also known as expressive arts therapy or creative arts therapy. It is the use of creative arts as a form of therapy which emphasizes creation rather than the final product. Expressive therapy is predicated on the assumption that people can heal through the use of imagination and the various forms of creative expression. Expressive therapy is the practice of using imagery, storytelling, dance, music drama, poetry, movement, dreamwork, and visual arts together, in an integrated way to foster human growth, development, and healing.
It is an allied health profession in which music is used within a therapeutic relationship to address physical, psychological, cognitive, and social needs of individuals. After assessing the strengths and needs of each client (patient), the music therapist provides the indicated treatment including creating, singing, moving to, and/or listening to music. Through musical involvement in the therapeutic context, the client's abilities are strengthened and transferred to other areas of his or her life. Music therapy also provides avenues for communication that can be helpful to those who find it difficult to express themselves in words. Research in the music therapy profession supports the effectiveness of music therapy in many areas such as facilitating movement and overall physical rehabilitation, motivating people to cope with treatment, providing emotional support for clients and their families, and providing an outlet for the expression of feelings.
Is a form of expressive therapy that uses art materials such as paints, chalk and markers. Art therapy combines traditional psychotherapeutic theories and techniques with an understanding of the psychological aspects of the creative process, especially the affective properties of the different art materials. Using their skills in evaluation and psychotherapy, art therapists choose materials and interventions appropriate to their client's needs and design sessions to achieve therapeutic goals and objectives. They use the creative process to help their clients (patients) increase insight and judgment, cope better with stress, work through traumatic experiences, increase cognitive abilities, have better relationships with family and friends, and to just be able to enjoy the life-affirming pleasures of the creative experience. Art therapy has been shown to be an effective way to communicate issues, emotions and inner-conflicts.
Using a variety of techniques, including arts and crafts, movement, drama, music, etc., therapists help to improve and maintain the physical abilities of their clients (patients). Therapists help individuals reduce depression, stress and anxiety and to recover basic motor confidence and well as improve social interactive skills. Recreational therapists may also instruct patients in relaxation techniques to reduce stress and tension, stretching and limbering exercises, proper body mechanics for participation in recreational activities, pacing and other energy conservation techniques, and team activities. As they work, therapists observe and document a patient's participation, reactions and progress.