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Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancers usually start from the cells lining the bladder (called transitional cells). These tumors are classified based on the way they grow. The more common type is papillary tumors, which have a wart-like appearance and are attached to a stalk. Nonpapillary (sessile) tumors are flat and more invasive. The following factors can increase the risk of developing bladder cancer: cigarette smoking, exposure to carcinogenic chemicals, chemotherapy or radiation treatment, and chronic bladder infection.

Bladder Cancer Symptoms

  • Abdominal pain
  • Blood in the urine
  • Fatigue
  • Painful urination
  • Urinary frequency, urgency or leakage
  • Weight loss

Bladder Cancer Diagnosis

  • Abdominal CT or MRI scan
  • Cystoscopy with biopsy
  • Intravenous pyelogram - IVP
  • Urinalysis and urine cytology

Bladder Cancer Treatment

  • Surgery to remove part of the bladder or the entire bladder
  • Immunotherapy, which is placed directly into the bladder via a catheter
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation