What causes kidney disease?
Diabetes and high blood pressure are the two leading causes of End-Stage Disease (ERSD), accounting for more than 60% of new cases. Kidney disease can also develop from infection, inflammation of blood vessels in the kidneys, kidney stones and cysts. Other possible causes include prolonged use of pain relievers and use of alcohol or other drugs (including prescription medications).
Who is most prone to kidney disease?
Anyone can develop kidney disease. However, people over the age of 50 and certain minority populations, including African Americans, Native Americans, Hispanics, Asians and Pacific Islanders are disproportionately affected by ERD.
What are the warning signs of kidney disease?
- High blood pressure
- Swelling of the face and ankles
- Puffiness around the eyes
- Frequent urination (especially at night)
- Rusty or brown colored urine
- Back pain just below the rib cage
If any of these symptoms develop, see a physician right away and ask to be referred to a nephrologist. To learn more about kidney disease, visit the Avera on-line health library.
Glomerular Filtration Rate or GFR
The Glomerular Filtration Rate or GFR is the standard test of kidney function. The estimated GFR (eGFR) is a number based on the blood creatinine level. A normal eGFR is 60 or higher. A low eGFR indicates kidney disease. The eGFR is used to classify severity of kidney disease and determines the stage of chronic kidney disease.
Stage 1: eGFR above 90 – normal kidney function, but other abnormalities such as protein in the urine or structural abnormalities.
Stage 2: eGFR 60-89 – possibly mild kidney disease if other abnormalities as in Stage 1.
Stage 3: eGFR 30-59
Stage 4: eGFR 15-29
Stage 5: eGFR less than 15
Access the GFR calculator now
Hosted by South Dakota National Kidney Foundation, the support group will meet monthly for a topic discussion or activity. Call our office for more information—605-322-5800.
National Kidney Foundation
The National Kidney Foundation (NKF) has been providing help and hope to kidney patients and their families since 1950. Learn more