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Arthritis of the Thumb

Thumb arthritis is the most common kind of osteoarthritis in the hand. Arthritis occurs when the cartilage wears away from the adjoining bones that form the joint, in this case the thumb.

Symptoms

  • Hand pain
  • Swelling
  • Stiffness
  • Decreased strength and range of motion, difficulty with simple tasks

Treatment

  • Splints to support joint
  • Exercises to increase range of motion, strength
  • Pain medicines such as aspirin or acetaminophen
  • Corticosteroid injections for inflammation
  • Surgery can include joint replacement, joint fusion, and removal of the trapezium bone or osteotomy to reposition affected bones.

hand and wrist