Screenings & Exams
With its evidence of approximately 140,000 diagnoses and 50,000 deaths annually in the United States, facing colorectal cancer is a jarring experience. In fact, colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in the nation.
However, screening early and regularly enables doctors to find colorectal cancer in its beginning stages and initiate appropriate treatment for a better outcome. Avera Gastroenterology offers the following screening options:
This type of screening is used to find problems that can be treated before cancer develops or spreads. A colonoscopy is used to view the entire colon, but sedation is necessary for the procedure. If necessary, CT scans, known as a virtual colonoscopy, can be used as an alternative to a regular colonoscopy.
Read more about how the procedure works, how often you should get a colonoscopy and how to prepare for your screening.
Flexible Sigmoidoscopy Screening
This screening is also used to further examine the lining of the rectum and the inside of the lower colon for inflamed tissue, cancerous polyps and ulcers. A flexible tube about the thickness of a finger is inserted into the anus, advancing into the rectum and lower colon. A sedative may or may not be used
Read more about how the procedure works, when to get a flexible sigmoidoscopy screening and how to prepare for your screening.
Barium enema examination
This X-ray examination checks the large intestine for diseases or issues, such as inflammation, bowel changes, anemia and intestinal structure concerns. Two types of barium enemas are offered: a single contrast study and an air contrast study.
Read more about how the procedure works, when to get a barium enema and how to prepare for your screening.
Fecal occult blood test (FOBT)
A fecal occult blood test (FOBT) searches for blood in the stool, which indicates tha there is a problem in the digestive system. Since three stool samples are needed, a FOBT kit can be purchased at a pharmacy or provided by a doctor so you can perform the test at home.
Read more about the common issues a FOBT detects, methods on how to perform the test and the proper preparations for the procedure.