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Mouth Changes During Pregnancy

Excessive Saliva

This uncommon disorder begins as early as two to three weeks into pregnancy and ends after the birth of your baby. The excessive salivation seems to occur primarily during the day. The cause is unclear, but most authorities believe it actually represents the inability of a nauseated woman to swallow normal amounts of saliva rather than being a true increase in production of saliva.

Effective treatments are limited. Possible relief measures include:

  • Improvement may be seen with treatment for and a decrease in nausea
  • Medications called ganglion-blocking drugs have been reported to be helpful by some

Bleeding Gums

Inflammation and bleeding of the gums occurs in 50-77% of pregnant women and is most severe during the second trimester. Due to estrogen there is increased blood flow, swelling, and turnover of cells in the gums. These changes result in gum tissues that may bleed easily with brushing or eating.

Relief measures include:

  • Brush and floss your teeth regularly
  • Use a softer toothbrush and gentler brushing
  • Use warm, salt water rinses (1 teaspoon of salt to eight ounces of warm water) three to four times a day
  • Increase your intake of orange juice and foods high in vitamin C
  • Visit your dentist; especially if excessive bleeding continues

If you have any questions or would like more information, please call our Women's Center at 605-322-3444.

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