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Brain Cancer

A primary cancerous brain tumor is a mass of malignant cells that start from the brain cells, membranes around the brain, nerves or glands. Tumors can directly destroy brain cells. They can also damage cells by producing inflammation, placing pressure on other parts of the brain, and increasing pressure within the skull.

Brain Cancer Symptoms

Some tumors may not cause symptoms until they are very large. Other tumors have symptoms that develop slowly. Symptoms depend on the tumor's size, location, how far it has spread, and whether there is swelling. The most common symptoms are:

  • Changes in mental function
  • Seizures (especially in older adults)
  • Weakness in one part of the body
  • Headaches caused by brain tumors may:
    • Be worse when the person wakes up in the morning, and clear up in a few hours
    • Occur during sleep
    • Occur with vomiting, confusion, double vision, weakness, or numbness
    • Get worse with coughing or exercise, or with a change in body position
  • Change in sensations (hearing, taste, smell, touch)
  • Clumsiness
  • Confusion or memory loss
  • Difficulty writing, reading, speaking or understanding
  • Dizziness or abnormal sensation of movement (vertigo)

Brain Cancer Treatment

Survivorship Care

After treatment, patients are connected with resources as they enter the survivorship phase of the cancer journey. Patients can take part in A Time To Heal, a support program for all cancer diagnoses.