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Lymphoma

Lymphoma is cancer of lymph tissue that begins in a subset of white blood cells called lymphocytes. Lymph tissue is found in the lymph nodes, spleen, liver, bone marrow, and other sites. There are different types of lymphoma. Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma are classified by the specific lymphocyte that each affects. Specific types of lymphoma are grouped according to how fast the cancer spreads. Lymphomas are further grouped by how the cells look under the microscope, what type of white blood cell the cancer originates from, and whether there are certain DNA changes.

Lymphoma Symptoms

  • Fatigue
  • Fever and chills that come and go
  • Itching all over the body that cannot be explained
  • Loss of appetite and weight loss
  • Soaking night sweats
  • Painless swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, or groin
  • Coughing or shortness of breath if the cancer affects the thymus gland or lymph nodes in the chest, putting pressure on the airways
  • Abdominal pain or swelling, leading to loss of appetite, constipation, nausea and vomiting
  • Headache, concentration problems, personality changes, or seizures if the cancer affects the brain

Lymphoma Diagnosis

  • Blood tests and CBC (complete blood count)
  • Lymph node biopsy
  • CT/PET scan

Lymphoma Treatment