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Multiple Myeloma

Multiple myeloma is cancer that starts in the plasma cells in bone marrow. Plasma cells grow out of control in the bone marrow and form tumors in the areas of solid bone. The growth of these bone tumors weakens the solid bones and also makes it harder for the bone marrow to make healthy blood cells and platelets.

Multiple Myeloma Symptoms

  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Being prone to infections
  • Bone or back pain

Multiple Myeloma Diagnosis

  • Blood tests and CBC (complete blood count)
  • Bone X-rays
  • Bone marrow biopsy

Multiple Myeloma Treatment

About Bone Marrow Transplant

Bone marrow transplant (also known as stem cell transplant) has become a standard of care as it offers disease-free survival for cancers of the blood. Stem cells are collected through a process called apheresis, which is similar to donating blood. The patient then receives very high doses of chemotherapy, and the stem cells are given back to the patient to rebuild the immune system. Avera’s program provides both autologous transplant, in which the patient uses his or her stem cells, and allogeneic transplant, in which sibling or unrelated donor stem cells or cord blood cells are used. Avera’s bone marrow transplant program is fully accredited by the Foundation for the Accreditation of Cellular Therapy (FACT).

Survivorship Care

BMT Connections, a bone marrow transplant support group, allows patients and families to share their experiences with others who are on a similar journey.