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Kidney Cancer

The most common type of kidney cancer in adults is renal cell carcinoma, which starts in the lining of very small tubes (tubules) in the kidney. It occurs most often in men ages 50-70. Risk factors include dialysis treatment, family history of the disease, high blood pressure, horseshoe kidney, polycystic kidney disease and smoking.

Kidney Cancer Symptoms

  • Abdominal pain and swelling
  • Back pain
  • Blood in the urine
  • Swelling of the veins around a testicle
  • Flank pain
  • Weight loss

Kidney Cancer Diagnosis

  • CT or MRI scans
  • Blood tests
  • Intravenous pyelogram (IVP)
  • Liver function tests
  • Renal arteriography
  • Ultrasound of the abdomen and kidney

Kidney Cancer Treatment

Surgery and hormone treatments are the most common approaches to kidney cancer.